Tagore's Bengali-language initials are worked into this "Ro-Tho" wooden seal, stylistically similar to designs used in traditional Haida carvings. Tagore embellished his manuscripts with such art. Known mostly for his poetry, Tagore wrote novels, essays, short stories, travelogues, dramas, and thousands of songs.
Arguably, there was another Tagore who was rebellious, courting unpopularity at some turning points of his life, reviled by his countrymen as an apostate and a traitor, and acutely conscious of his conspicuous isolation due to his frequent failure to connect with prevailing public opinion.
That other Rabindranath Tagore is hidden in his letters, most of which still remain unpublished, in his quiet self-reflections in some isolated and infrequently noticed writings, and in the events of his quotidian life in the years before he attained fame.
The school dropout The first rebellion in Tagore's life occurred before he reached his teens. As a child he rebelled against the system of schooling his generation suffered. He refused to go to school.
He was successively transferred to four different schools by the elders of his family, and yet each time his non-cooperation defeated the elders. Of course, this was an awful thing for a child to do — the child of a respectable family!
When I was thirteen I finished going to school. So long as I was forced to do so, I felt the torture of going to school insupportable. However, he soon found himself to be a literary outlaw because he was without the kind of education that gentlefolk in British India underwent.
I had neither the protective armour of mature age, nor that of a respectable English education. He hailed Bose as "deshnayak" or leader of the nation in the speech he gave on the occasion.
Tagore's perception that he was isolated was enhanced when he emerged from his shelter of the enchanted solitude of a poet into the public sphere.
He became a public intellectual in the Swadeshi movement against the partition of Bengal from In this phase, for the first time he made a conscious effort to connect with public sentiment against the vivisection of the Bengali people.
However, very soon Tagore's mind rebelled against the turn towards individual violence in the form of militant nationalist action through political assassinations.
Inhis writings, especially a long tract entitled Ends and Means 3, abundantly signified a break with his compatriots who supported militant activism. Another thing that worried him was a feature of the anti-partition movement in Bengal: In the stance of the main protagonist Nikhilesh, in the novel The Home and the World 4, one can get a glimpse of Tagore's tendency to rebel against the predominant cast of mind of the elite in Bengal in the days of the anti-partition agitation.
When Mahatma Gandhi appeared on the national scene with the mantra of non-cooperation, once again Tagore found himself in the lonely path of a pursuit of an ideal that he perceived as unattainable in terms of the strategy of the Indian National Congress. From the beginning of the s, Tagore found himself at odds with the line of action chosen by the Indian National Congress.
Tagore's relationship with Mahatma Gandhi was cordial and although they debated many issues they remained constant in their friendship.
Tagore's critique of the Gandhian approach in the s was deeply resented by the followers of Gandhi. Even in Bengal, where Tagore was on the way to attaining the status of an icon, the Gandhians were not prepared to tolerate any criticism of the Mahatma.
This, for example, was the reaction in a leading Bengali newspaper to Tagore's scepticism about the efficacy of the charkha as a means of political and economic struggle. Only an extraordinary genius can say such an extraordinary thing.
The ludicrous opinions of the poet may appeal to those who live in a dream world, but those who are grounded in the soil of this country will feel that the poet's useless labours are sad and pitiful. At extreme right is freedom fighter and Congress leader S.
Apart from specific issues such as Tagore's doubts about the charkha as the panacea, or his warning against the boycott of educational institutions without creating a nationalist alternative to the colonial education system, there was a deeper-seated cause of potential conflict.
This arose in the context of Tagore's intellectual evolution from his position as a leader of the anti-partition Swadeshi agitation in Bengal from totowards a world outlook that can be best described as a kind of humanist universalism. The complete man must not be sacrificed to the patriotic man, or even to the merely moral man.
To me humanity is rich and large and many-sided. Tagore's differences with the nationalist enthusiasts in the Congress became obvious, even though his reputation as a litterateur kept growing.
Tagore's break with the section of nationalists who were called biplabi, or revolutionary, in Bengal was even sharper. From his political essays inquestioning the strategy of the biplabi leadership, to the novel published inFour Chapters Char AdhayayTagore consistently expressed on the one hand his deep admiration for the militant nationalists' courage of conviction and, on the other, his criticism of the path of individual violence chosen by them.
The novel is remarkable for its ruthlessness in thinking through judgments about the ethics and strategic possibilities of political violence — and the novel is, at the same time, tenderly sensitive to human values.
The revolutionary nationalists were deeply shocked because Tagore had been and remained in the forefront of the movement for the release of political prisoners, mostly biplabis, who were imprisoned without trial. Many of the militant activists were his admirers.
Nevertheless Tagore did not allow his judgment to be clouded by the sentiment that prevailed in Bengal, a sentiment that amounted to unthinking enthusiasm for militant action by secret societies without preparation for a wider popular base.
Having read Tagore's Ghare Baire (The home and the world) previously, I am well aware of his views on 'Nationalism' which resonate with that of mine. My aim was to find some pithy sayings and finer examples in these essays that would bolster my stand. Ghare Baire (The Home and the World)—through the lens of the idealistic zamindar protagonist Nikhil—excoriates rising Indian nationalism, terrorism, and religious zeal in the Swadeshi movement; a frank expression of Tagore's conflicted sentiments, it emerged out of a bout of depression. The novel. “Home and the World”. by Rabindranath Tagore. originally published in Bengali in is set in the background of “Swadeshi”. a nationalist motion in which British goods and trade goods were boycotted and .
This novel of was in a sense Tagore's last major engagement with the issues posed by militant nationalism. Another schism Tagore recurrently refers to in his writings in the late s and the s is connected with his role as an institution builder from when he founded his school in Santiniketan until his death.Rabindranath Tagore was a Bengali author, poet, and playwright.
He was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize for Literature in Although he had several he wrote novels and plays, he. Having read Tagore's Ghare Baire (The home and the world) previously, I am well aware of his views on 'Nationalism' which resonate with that of mine. My aim was to find some pithy sayings and finer examples in these essays that would bolster my stand.
The novel, “Home and the World”, by Rabindranath Tagore, originally published in Bengali in , is set in the backdrop of “Swadeshi”, a nationalist movement in which British goods and commodities were boycotted and substituted for indigenous products.
Sandeep as a Criticque of Swadeshi in “The Home and the World” by Rabindranath Tagore Essay Sample Picasso: Influential Modern Artist of the 20th Century . Ghare Baire (The Home and the World)—a classic novel written by Rabindranath Tagore in in the context of swadeshi movement in Bengal—does not seem to disappear from my life.
I read it again; and with the totality of my being, I felt it. The Last Harvest: Paintings of Rabindranath Tagore was an exhibition of Rabindranath Tagore's paintings to mark the th birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore.
It was commissioned by the Ministry of Culture, India and organised with NGMA Delhi as the nodal agency.