Public buildings of pompeii and herculaneum

A blog for all those who work on Pompeii and the other archaeological sites of the Bay of Naples. I would like to highlight, however, a few compelling suggestions and offer a reaction.

Public buildings of pompeii and herculaneum

According to Theodor Kraus, "The root of the word Pompeii would appear to be the Oscan word for the number five, pompe, which suggests that either the community consisted of five hamlets or, perhaps, it was settled by a family group gens Pompeia.

It stands on a spur formed by a lava flow to the north of the mouth of the Sarno River known in ancient times as the Sarnus.

Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Mount Vesuvius: Hours, Tickets, and Tours

The city had suffered from other seismic events before the eruption. Three sheets of sediment have also been found on top of the lava that lies below the city which were created by large landslidesperhaps triggered by extended rainfall.

Pompeii - Forum and Vesuvius. Brooklyn Museum Archives, Goodyear Archival Collection Today it is some distance inland, but in ancient times was nearer to the coast.

It covered a total of 64 to 67 hectares acres and was home to approximately 11, to 11, people on the basis of household counts. History Early history Archaeology has shown that the town was founded in the 7th or 6th century BC by the Osci or Oscans, a people of central Italy, on what was an important crossroad between CumaeNola and Stabiae.

It had already been used as a safe port by Greek and Phoenician sailors. According to StraboPompeii was also captured by the Etruscansand recent[ timeframe? Pompeii was captured for the first time by the Greek colony of Cumaeallied with Syracusebetween and BC.

In the 5th century BC, the Samnites conquered it and all the other towns of Campania ; the new rulers imposed their architecture and enlarged the town.

After the Samnite Wars 4th century BCPompeii was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining, however, linguistic and administrative autonomy. In the 4th century BC it was fortified with walls.

HSC Ancient History Part 1: Core Study - Cities of Vesuvius - Pompeii and Herculaneum - Dux College

Pompeii remained faithful to Rome during the Second Punic War. Pompeii took part in the war that the towns of Campania initiated against Rome, but in 89 BC it was besieged by Sulla. The town became an important passage for goods that arrived by sea and had to be sent toward Rome or southern Italy along the nearby Appian Way.

It was fed with water by a spur from Aqua Augusta Naples built c.

Downloading prezi...

The castellum in Pompeii is well preserved, and includes many details of the distribution network and its controls. Vesuvius erupted The same location today.

Details of everyday life are preserved. Other houses provide details concerning professions and categories, such as for the "laundry" workers Fullones. Portrait of Terentius Neo with his wife found on the wall of a Pompeii house.The biggest difference between Pompeii and Herculaneum is size: the ruins of Pompeii cover about 44 square hectaures, while Herculaneum covers just 4.

Pompeii was an important city and trade center, while Herculaneum was a small resort town without the large public buildings (forum, amphitheater, theaters, gym) found in Pompeii.

Dec 18,  · Pompeii had an active political life. It had a Roman constitution imposed on it after the Social War in 80 B.C. This laid down the political structure.

Only males could vote. Pompeii was an ancient Roman city near modern Naples in the Campania region of Italy, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.

Pompeii, along with Herculaneum and many villas in the surrounding area (e.g. at Boscoreale, Stabiae), was buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of volcanic ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD Many .

Basilica in Pompeii (from Guide to the Site, p) "Dating from the second half of the 2nd century BC, it is the oldest building of its kind to have come down to us and was put up as part of the building program to provide the city with public monuments.

Public Buildings Description Most of the public buildings in Pompeii can be found grouped around the Forum which formed the civic and religious centre of the city.

Quick Links

A castellum is a building that distributed water throughout Pompeii and Herculaneum. The task of the castellum was to spread water all over Rome for public and private use. In Source 1, it shows three lead pipes which transferred water all over the city of Pompeii.

Public buildings of pompeii and herculaneum
Public Buildings - AD79eruption