Pope gregory vii and pope innocent

He reigned from AD until his death in Setting the Stage for Greatness Two things are necessary when trying to understand the greatness of any one of our popes. First, we need to know the major principles that guided his decisions and actions. Second, we must have some sense of the events that preceded his ascent to the papal throne as well as the political and social forces that were prevalent during the time of his papacy.

Pope gregory vii and pope innocent

Discover Pope Gregory VII famous and rare quotes. Share Pope Gregory VII quotations about justice and exile. "I have loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore " Login Sign Up. Pope Innocent III. Pope Boniface VIII. Charlemagne Former King of the Franks. Peter Damian Saint. Pope Leo I. Bernard of Clairvaux. Magdalena de Pazzi Saint. Gregory VII (reigned –85) and Innocent III (reigned –) should be called its master builders. Gregory VII reformed both the church and the papacy from within, establishing the canonical and moral authority of the papal office when it was threatened by corruption and . Pope Gregory VII and Pope Innocent III: A Comparative Study Pope Gregory VII was born Hildebrand circa in Sovana, a small town in Tuscany. "At an early age, he was sent to Rome?where his uncle served as abbot of the convent of St.

See Article History Alternative Titles: Early life and career The son of Trasimund, count of Segni, and Claricia dei Scotti, the daughter of a noble Roman family, Lothar began his education in Romepossibly at the Schola Cantorum. After his early education in Rome, he traveled north in the late s or to study in Paristhe leading centre of theological studies.

Although little is known about his stay in Paris, what is known is suggestive. His teachers, Peter of Corbeil and Peter the Chanter, were the most accomplished theologians in Europe.

Pope Gregory XII - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Stephen Langtonwhom Lothar as Pope Innocent later appointed archbishop of Canterburyand Robert of Courson, whom he appointed as a papal legate and later raised to the cardinalate, were among his fellow students.

In Paris Lothar learned to use the Bible as a tool for understanding and solving problems. His theological training shaped his thought and his language for the rest of his life and provided a foundation for his outlook and his policies. After Paris Lothar studied in Bolognawhose university was the preeminent one for the study of canon and civil law.

Although he may have pursued law for more than two or three years the chronology of his life at this time is uncertainit did not become the discipline that shaped his worldview or his vision of the papacy.

During the s Lothar wrote three theological tracts: The first was enormously popular in the Middle Ages, and the others demonstrate that he was a competent, if not gifted, theologian.

All three tracts demonstrate his ability to use the Bible to understand Christian institutions in creative and original ways.

They also reveal that his experience in Paris shaped his worldview more than his stay in Bologna. Lothar probably entered clerical orders in Rome while he was a young boy.

Sergius and Bacchus in December or January He worked in the papal curia during the s but neither received important commissions nor held significant positions. In spite of his youth and lack of administrative experience, the cardinals quickly elected Lothar pope on the same day that the aged pope Celestine III died January 8, He was given or took the name Innocent III, was ordained a priest on February 21,and was consecrated as bishop of Rome the next day, on the feast day of St.

Early pontificate

Innocent undoubtedly chose the day of his consecration carefully. He wrote many sermons after he became pope, several of which commemorated the feast day of his consecration. Early pontificate At the beginning of his pontificate, Innocent faced several serious problems. Emperor Henry VI had died, and there were two candidates for the imperial throne: The German princes were divided over the succession, southern Italy was in political shambles, and the Christian states in the Holy Land were in the hands of the Muslims.

In the second half of the 12th century, heresy had become a grave problem in southern France. Papal authority in the city of Rome and over the Papal States had disintegrated, and the papal curia needed reform.

Innocent faced all these problems simultaneously. In one of his first letters, Innocent ordered King Philip Augustus of France to take back his wife, whom the king had abandoned.

Pope gregory vii and pope innocent

With this mandate Innocent signaled his intention to extend papal jurisdiction and authority into the marital affairs of Christian princes. From the beginning of his pontificate, Innocent also sought to establish papal temporal authority over Rome and the Papal States.

Immediately after his consecration, he received homage from the leaders of the Roman nobility. Earlier popes had confined their claims of sovereignty over the Papal States Patrimony of St.

Peter to the area immediately around Rome, but Innocent used the power vacuum created by the death of the emperor to make much more expansive claims. He systematically sent papal legates to the cities of central Italy to secure their loyalty. Within a remarkably short time, not only nearby cities but also some as far away as AnconaAssisi, Perugiaand Spoleto had declared their allegiance to the pope.

By October 30,Innocent sent a letter to the rectors of those cities that had submitted to papal lordship.

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In it he fashioned a striking image of papal authority that he would repeat throughout his pontificate. Papal authority was represented by the Sun, and the Moon signified the power of lay princes.

Both powers were established by God, he explained, but, just as the Moon received its splendour from the Sun, royal power acquired its greatness and dignity from papal authority. He established a much larger papal territory than any of his predecessors had controlled, and, from his pontificate on, the pope functioned as an important secular prince in central Italy.GREGORY VII (Hildebrand) (Pope, ).

He was born in Tuscany about , perhaps at Soana, a village of the southern border.

Pope Gregory XII - Wikipedia

He was born in Tuscany about , perhaps at . Discover Pope Gregory VII famous and rare quotes. Share Pope Gregory VII quotations about justice and exile. "I have loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore " Login Sign Up. Pope Innocent III. Pope Boniface VIII. Charlemagne Former King of the Franks.

Peter Damian Saint. Pope Leo I. Bernard of Clairvaux. Magdalena de Pazzi Saint. Gregory VII (reigned –85) and Innocent III (reigned –) should be called its master builders.

Gregory VII reformed both the church and the papacy from within, establishing the canonical and moral authority of the papal office when it was threatened by corruption and . Pope Gregory VII was critical in promoting and regulating the concept of modern university as his Papal Decree ordered the regulated establishment of cathedral schools that transformed themselves into the first European universities.

Pope Innocent VII (Latin: Innocentius Septimus; – November 6, ), born Cosimo de' Migliorati, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the th Pope from until his death in Innocent VII had made the great mistake of elevating his highly unsuitable nephew Ludovico Migliorati – a colorful condottiero formerly in the pay of Giangaleazzo Visconti of Milan – to be Captain of the Papal Militia, an act of nepotism that cost him nationwidesecretarial.comessor: Boniface IX.

Pope Gregory VII And Pope Innocent III: A Comparative Study Essay Example | Graduateway