An introduction to the life of sir isaac newton an english mathematician

Special thanks to the Microsoft Corporation for their contribution to our site. The following information came from Microsoft Encarta. Born at Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire, where he attended school, he entered Cambridge University in ; he was elected a Fellow of Trinity College inand Lucasian Professor of Mathematics in He remained at the university, lecturing in most years, until

An introduction to the life of sir isaac newton an english mathematician

Special thanks to the Microsoft Corporation for their contribution to our site.

An introduction to the life of sir isaac newton an english mathematician

The following information came from Microsoft Encarta. Born at Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire, where he attended school, he entered Cambridge University in ; he was elected a Fellow of Trinity College inand Lucasian Professor of Mathematics in He remained at the university, lecturing in most years, until Of these Cambridge years, in which Newton was at the height of his creative power, he singled out spent largely in Lincolnshire because of plague in Cambridge as "the prime of my age for invention".

During two to three years of intense mental effort he prepared Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy commonly known as the Principia, although this was not published until As a firm opponent of the attempt by King James II to make the universities into Catholic institutions, Newton was elected Member of Parliament for the University of Cambridge to the Convention Parliament ofand sat again in Meanwhile, in he had moved to London as Warden of the Royal Mint.

He became Master of the Mint inan office he retained to his death. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London inand in he became President, being annually re-elected for the rest of his life.

An introduction to the life of sir isaac newton an english mathematician

His major work, Opticks, appeared the next year; he was knighted in Cambridge in As Newtonian science became increasingly accepted on the Continent, and especially after a general peace was restored infollowing the War of the Spanish Succession, Newton became the most highly esteemed natural philosopher in Europe.

His last decades were passed in revising his major works, polishing his studies of ancient history, and defending himself against critics, as well as carrying out his official duties.

Newton was modest, diffident, and a man of simple tastes. He was angered by criticism or opposition, and harboured resentment; he was harsh towards enemies but generous to friends.

In government, and at the Royal Society, he proved an able administrator. He never married and lived modestly, but was buried with great pomp in Westminster Abbey. Newton has been regarded for almost years as the founding examplar of modern physical science, his achievements in experimental investigation being as innovative as those in mathematical research.

With equal, if not greater, energy and originality he also plunged into chemistry, the early history of Western civilization, and theology; among his special studies was an investigation of the form and dimensions, as described in the Bible, of Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem.

He investigated the refraction of light by a glass prism; developing over a few years a series of increasingly elaborate, refined, and exact experiments, Newton discovered measurable, mathematical patterns in the phenomenon of colour. He found white light to be a mixture of infinitely varied coloured rays manifest in the rainbow and the spectrumeach ray definable by the angle through which it is refracted on entering or leaving a given transparent medium.

Isaac Newton Facts & Biography | Famous Mathematicians

He correlated this notion with his study of the interference colours of thin films for example, of oil on water, or soap bubblesusing a simple technique of extreme acuity to measure the thickness of such films. He held that light consisted of streams of minute particles. From his experiments he could infer the magnitudes of the transparent "corpuscles" forming the surfaces of bodies, which, according to their dimensions, so interacted with white light as to reflect, selectively, the different observed colours of those surfaces.

The roots of these unconventional ideas were with Newton by about ; when first expressed tersely and partially in public in andthey provoked hostile criticism, mainly because colours were thought to be modified forms of homogeneous white light.

Doubts, and Newton's rejoinders, were printed in the learned journals. The publication of Opticks, largely written bywas delayed by Newton until the critics were dead.

The book was still imperfect: Nevertheless, Opticks established itself, from aboutas a model of the interweaving of theory with quantitative experimentation. He may have learnt geometry at school, though he always spoke of himself as self-taught; certainly he advanced through studying the writings of his compatriots William Oughtred and John Wallis, and of Descartes and the Dutch school.

Newton made contributions to all branches of mathematics then studied, but is especially famous for his solutions to the contemporary problems in analytical geometry of drawing tangents to curves differentiation and defining areas bounded by curves integration.Early life of Isaac Newton Jump to navigation Jump to search.

This Sir Isaac Newton at 46 in Godfrey Kneller's portrait. The following article is part of an in-depth biography of Isaac Newton, the English mathematician and scientist, author of the Principia. A SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF SIR ISAAC NEWTON. By Tim Lambert. The early life of Newton. Isaac Newton was born at Woolsthorpe near Grantham in Lincolnshire, England on 4 January His father died before he was born and in his mother married .

ISAAC Sir Isaac Newton's life Newton's life Newton, Sir Isaac (), English mathematician and physicist, considered one of the greatest scientists in history, who made important contributions to .

Sir Isaac Newton PRS FRS (25 December – 20 March /27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a .

Sir Isaac Newton Essay. Isaac Newton, possibly one of the greatest scientific geniuses of all time, led a long and important life - Sir Isaac Newton Essay introduction. Newton was an English scientist, astronomer, and mathematician who made significant contributions in many fields of scientific and mathematical reasoning.

- Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician and physicist, considered one of the greatest scientists in history. He made important contributions to many fields of science.

His discoveries and theories laid the foundation for much of the progress in science.

Isaac Newton's Life | Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences